Resources are books, peer-reviewed papers, presentations, posters, and other less formal web-based articles addressing the way we understand, measure and describe the impact of earth observation on society. These resources span a range from general/review papers, to analytical discussions and specific use cases. They may be written by scientists, policy makers, participants in local governments, members of non-profit organizations, at the global or local level or consultants coming from industry. The resources cited cover many domains  such as social science, natural science, economy, policy, and computer science and engineering, which taken together support the essential components of GEOValue interdisciplinary research. They are provided here in alphabetical order.

General Return on Investment  Resource

How to measure anything: Finding the Value of 'Intangibles' in Business, by Douglas W. Hubbard

This book provides guidance on how to measure seemingly intangible benefits. It includes useful sections on problem decomposition, measurement techniques, estimate calibration, adjusting for bias, risk and sensitivity.
 Book – How to measure anything
Return on Investment on Geospatial Development Projects  Resource

An Analysis of the Benefits from Use of Geographic Information Systems by King County, Washington - Richard Zerbe and Associates

This is a report on a return on investment (ROI) study of the development and use of geographic information systems (GIS) within King County, Washington State in the USA.
 Link to Earth Imaging Journal

The Value of Geospatial Information to Local Public Service Delivery in England and Wales

This study presents the first assessment of the value of geospatial information undertaken on a national basis (covering England and Wales) using proven economic modelling techniques. The study looked at local public service providers including local authorities, emergency services and local health services. it includes many case studies where cost-benefit cases have been established, providing a wealth of examples to illustrate possible savings in services from transport, information management, health and social services.
 PDF – The Value of Geospatial Information to Local Public Service Delivery in England and Wales

Show me the Money: Making the CEO Listen, by Andrew Coote and Keith Wishart, AGI Conference 2007

This article argues that the geospatial industry has been very poor historically at presenting the business case for projects in objective and compelling terms. It provides a methodology for approaching business case development and presents a number of examples.
PDF – Making the CEO Listen
Business Cases and Studies Relating to Projects with a Geospatial Component Resource

Mapflow GEO: Generic Value

Mapflow GEO allows an insurer to quickly and cost effectively model and visualise the accumulation of risks on its book. It also supplies the underwriting process with perils and an accumulation risk model for use at a property level both automatically and visually. This paper introduces some of the benefits that Mapflow’s customers are gaining as a result of their use of Mapflow’s GEO: solutions.
 Link to LexisNexis Risk Solutions

Impact Assessment of Transposition of the INSPIRE Directive (2007), by Ian Greenwood - Defra

This paper discusses the economic benefits of the introduction of the INSPIRE Directive, in a very financially focused manner and is a good example of how such studies should be presented.
 Word document – Impact Assessment of The INSPIRE Regulations 2009

Building Information Modelling (BIM), BSI Group Investors Report

Building Information Modelling or BIM is a technology that brings with it a new way of working. Companies that adopt BIM can benefit from its streamlined approach, in which data is shared in a collaborative environment.
 Link to BSI Group Website

Countywide Integrated Waste and Recycling Collection Service: Northamptonshire Waste Partnership

The savings that can be achieved by route optimisation of the service in terms of fuel reductions, captial expenditure on vehicles and more efficient use of labour are dramatically described in this case study.
 Link to Ordnance Survey website

The Minneapolis Star-Tribune's ROI on using GIS, Journal of Analytic Journalism

The regional newspaper managed to show a Return on Investment in under three months using logistics software based on GIS to optimise routes and delivery points for newspapers.
 Link to Analytic Journalism website
Value of Public Sector Data in General Resource

Costs and Benefits of Data Provision, Report to the Australian National Data Service - John Houghton, Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, Melbourne Victoria

This report presents case studies exploring the costs and benefits that Public Sector Information (PSI) producing agencies and their users experience in making information freely available, and preliminary estimates of the wider economic impacts of open access to PSI.
 PDF – Costs and Benefits of Data Provision

POPSIS, Pricing Of Public Sector Information Study Models of Supply and Charging for Public Sector Information (ABC) Final Report to European Commission Information Society and Media Directorate-General

This study published in 2011, assessed the different models of supply and charging for public sector information (PSI) and their effects through the analysis of 21 case studies. The study also produced a snapshot of the smartphone applications market based on PSI and a comparative analysis of several Open Data portals in Europe and beyond.
 Link to European legislation on open data and the re-use of public sector information